Soil as an Irreplaceable Production Factor Under Conditions of Slovak Republic

Zuzana Bajusová, Jana Ladvenicová, Dominika Čeryová, Tatiana Bullová

The economic theory distinguishes mainly three production factors, namely labour, soil, and capital. Soil, as a product of nature, is not a free good – its amount is
not unlimited. It can be used for agricultural purposes, as energy and non-energy source, and for minerals. Soil is one of the factors of production and at the same
time the most important natural resource. We have used three indicators, namely the degree of plowing, the degree of agricultural use and area of agricultural and arable land per capita. The result of the work was the finding that in the observed period (10 years), the area of agricultural and arable land in Slovakia is decreasing. To improve the situation in agriculture, the following could be done: merging fragmented land into larger units, changes in the system of inheritance or a change in allocation of subsidies. Especially the inhabitants of the territory should support the state buy buying on the domestic market and supporting domestic production.

soil; agricultural land; arable land; soil fund; Slovak Republic

Zuzana Bajusová, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Tr. Andreja Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia, e-mail:

Date of online publishing: 

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Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra                                                        
Visegrad University Association
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