Index of Circular Agriculture Development in the Republic of Macedonia

Nikola M. Trendov


In the Republic of Macedonia, the circular economy would boost country’s agri-food sector competitiveness and help create new business and
market opportunities for the farmers and processing industry. Public benefits that could accrue from the bio-economy perspective has become
compelling. Nevertheless, the question arises: “At what level are we? Does the country go toward the development of the circular agriculture or
not?” By using conceptual model of BPEIR (Behaviour – Pressure – Effect – Impact – Response) and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method, the
author introduces a comprehensive analysis and quantitative evaluation of the level of Macedonian circular agriculture development. This paper
discusses the fact that the Republic of Macedonia shows positive trends regarding circular economy disciplines in agriculture, given by natural
geographic conditions and traditional agricultural production.

circular economy, bio-economy, circular agriculture, the Republic of Macedonia

Trendov M. Nikola, Szent Istvan University, Doctoral School for Management and Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Páter Károly utca 1, H-2100 Gödöllő, Hungary, e-mail:

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