Alkaline Lake System In Danube And Tisza Interfluve (Szeged, Hu) – Climate Change And Landscape Degradation

László Halmos, Gábor Bozsó, Elemér Pál-Molnár


Sodic areas can be found in every continent. The main condition of the salt accumulation in sodic soils is the near-surface groundwater. There
is a serious environmental problem in the Danube-Tisza Interfluve which threatens the natural alkaline lakes and sodic areas with landscape
destruction. The aim of this study is to collect information about the seasonal geochemical cycles in the sediments of Lake Fehér. Based on
the results of this research, the protection of the similar alkaline wetlands could be more effective. The study area was an alkaline lake system
sorrounded by sodic areas called Lake Fehér by Szeged. The investigation was carried out in three periods based on the seasonal distribution
of precipitation. There were eight sampling dates on the same site during one meteorological year. For the short-term monitoring, the type of
the soil, the particle content, the pH and the EC were investigated. The groundwater and precipitation data of the last century were used for
the long-term observation. The results show that the precipitation decreased in the southern part of the Danube-Tisza Interfluve in the last 100
years. Along with the decreasing precipitation, the groundwater level has been sinking. Knowing the dynamics of the area, the problem could
be managed; otherwise, the ecosystems of the alkaline lakes will vanish.

precipitation, groundwater, pH, EC

László Halmos (MSc), University of Szeged, Faculty of Science and Informatics, Department of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Petrology, H-6723 Szeged, Egyetem u. 2–6, e-mail:, +36 62 544 058, Fax: 36 62 426 479

Date of online publishing: 

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